Monthly Archives: March 2022

Slot Machine Manufacturers

The production of slots has become an increasingly competitive market in recent years. Not long ago, in the 1970’s, approximately 90 percent of the market was owned by one company, Bally Gaming Systems. Therefore, during that time, if you were to play a slot machine it is most likely that you were playing one made by Bally. Now there are well over a dozen slot machine manufacturers in the market, including software designers that create slot machines for online casinos. Following, though not a comprehensive list, is a sample of some of the biggest names in the field of traditional slot machine manufacturing.

AC Coin & Slot was founded in 1978 in Pleasantville, New Jersey. I don’t know about you, but when I watched Reese Witherspoon and Tobey Maguire in Pleasantville, I had no idea the town was real. I certainly didn’t think it was in New Jersey, though parts of the Garden State seem pleasant enough. Any way, AC Coin & Slot started building slot machines around the same time gambling was legalized in New Jersey and currently, in addition to selling their own slots, are the exclusive distributor of slots made by International Game Technology in Atlantic City.

Aruze Corporation, based in Japan, produces slot machines and other products. They are licensed to manufacture and distribute slot machines in Nevada, New Jersey and Mississippi. Aruze Gaming America, their U.S. branch, is based in Vegas and is a 100%-owned subsidiary.

Atronic Americas is not, like you might expect, a company based in North, South or Central America. It’s actually a German company. For some reason, they didn’t think Atronic Deutchland sounded good. It has a nice ring if you ask me. Anyway, the company began in 1994 and has become the third-largest slot machine manufacturer in the world.

Bally Gaming Systems is the original big boy on the scene. Started in 1968, it has operated under a variety of names, including Bally Technologies, and manufactured the first multi-coin slot and the first video multi-coin slot. Though they don’t have a stranglehold on the market like they used to, Bally is still a dominant name in the industry. They are not related to Bally Total Fitness.

International Game Technology (IGT) is a manufacturer based on Reno, Nevada, home of Lieutenant Jim Dangle and his fine deputies. IGT is a multinational corporation, with branch offices located across the globe and is the largest slot machine manufacturer in the world. They were an innovator in popularizing wide-area progressive slots and created a ticketed system called EZ-Pay.

Konami Gaming is the gambling division of the Japanese company best known for creating popular video games played in arcades and on Nintendos across the world. How awesome is Konami? They created Castlevania. Enough said. They have been manufacturing slots since 1973, but have only distributed slots in the United States since 2003. They are now licensed in Nevada and several tribal territories in America.

Mikohn Gaming is a relative newcomer to slot machine manufacturing. They are based in Las Vegas and began in 1996. The majority of the games they develop and market belong to IGT.

In addition to slot machines for land-based casinos, there are some companies that specialize in designing software for online slots. Though there are many companies in this field, there are a handful of big names that are dominating the market.

Microgaming is a software development company based in the Isle of Man. They claim to have released the first online casino in 1994 and manufacture online slots for almost 100 casinos. In addition to slots, they also design games for poker, blackjack, roulette and more.

Playtech identifies themselves as the world’s largest publicly traded online gaming software developer, and I could find nothing to refute that claim. They design a wide array of games, including slots and various table games.

Real Time Gaming (RTG) was founded in 1998 in Curacao. They are best known for their progressive slots and are one of the leaders in their manufacturing. RTG is one of the few online game designers not to develop their own policy regarding American customers subsequent to the United States Congress passing of the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act in 2006. Instead, they let each of their clients decide whether they will accept American players.

Vegas Technology is not, as you might guess, based in Las Vegas. Nope. They are located in Antigua and were founded in 1997. Vegas Technology is best known for their video slots and for the fact that you do not need to download any software to play their games.

With all of the manufacturers of slots machines there is an incredible variety of themes and reel combinations. There truly is a slots game out there for everyone.

Metarepresented Money

Keeping Ownership Decentralized

Money represents a future commodity ownership. However, the only way of keeping this ownership rightful, hence decentralized, is to price commodities in metarepresented money. Any otherwise priced future ownership will not remain rightfully decentralized.

Still, what is metarepresented money?

Direct Commodity Exchange

Let there be two owners A and B of commodities x and y, respectively, of whom A wants y and B wants x. Without any money — whether metarepresented or not — the only way for bitcoin blackjack both people to obtain their desired commodities is directly from each other:


A --> y | B --> x

x _____ | y

y _____ | x


Otherwise, A and B must delegate their commodity ownership to someone who then redistributes it between them. However, such a centralized solution would at least partially contradict the same ownership, by at least partially taking it away from its rightful controllers. Hence, only a decentralized solution can preserve all commodity ownership legitimizing this exchange, by A and B exchanging x and y directly.

Individual Multiequivalence

Still, direct commodity exchange poses two problems:


  1. Let there be now (as follows) three owners AB, and C of one unit of commodity x, one of y, and two units of y, respectively. Additionally, let A want the most units of y, while B and C want at least one of x each. Then, the available unit of x will be worth one and a half units of y. So either A loses value to B or C to A — since the exchangeable quantities of x and y are not worth the same:
    A --> y | B --> x | C --> x
    x(1.5y) | y _____ | 2y
  2. Let (as follows) AB, and C own a single unit respectively of xy, and z. Additionally, let A want yB want z, and C want x. Then, direct exchange could not give any of those three owners their desired commodity — as none of them has the same commodity wanted by who owns their wanted one. Moneyless exchange now can only happen if one of their commodities becomes a simultaneous equivalent of the other two, at least for whom neither wants nor has it. So it becomes a multiequivalent, whether the other two owners also know of that multiequivalence or not. For example, A could give x in exchange for z just to then give z for y, this way making z a multiequivalent (as asterisked):
    A --> y | B --> z | C --> x
    x _____ | y _____ | z*
    z* ____ | y _____ | x
    y _____ | z _____ | x


Likewise, this individually handled multiequivalence poses a new pair of problems:


  1. It allows for conflicting indirect exchanges. In the same example, any two or even all three owners could simultaneously try to handle it. For instance, while A would give x in exchange for z (then z for y), B could rather try to give y for the same x (then x for z). To avoid this conflict, AB, and C must delegate now their individual choice of handling multiequivalence to a public authority — whether to their consensual one or even to other people’s. However, such a centralized solution would again at least partially contradict their commodity ownership, by at least partially taking it away from them.
  2. In addition to allowing the exchangeable quantities of two commodities not to be equivalent, its indirectness increases the likelihood of that mismatch, by requiring additional direct exchanges. Let the same owners AB, and C of a single unit respectively of xy, and z want the most units respectively of yz, and x. Additionally, let a fourth owner D of two units of z want at least one of x. Then, the available units of x and y will each be worth one and a half units of z. Finally, again let z be an individual multiequivalent. Now, either A loses value to C or D to A, then respectively B to A and A to B — since the exchangeable quantities of xy, and z are not worth the same.


Social Multiequivalence (Money)

Fortunately, all those problems have the same and only resolution of a single multiequivalent m becoming social, or money. Then, commodity owners can either give (sell) their commodities in exchange for m or give m for (buy) the commodities they want. For example, again let AB, and C own commodities xy, and z, respectively. Still assuming A wants yB wants z, and C wants x, if now they only exchange their commodities for that m social multiequivalent — initially owned just by A — then:


A --> y | B --> z | C --> x

x, m __ | y _____ | z

x, y __ | m _____ | z

x, y __ | z _____ | m

y, m __ | z _____ | x


With social (rather than individual) multiequivalence:


  1. There are only two exchanges (either a buy or a sell) for each commodity, regardless of who owns or wants which commodities.
  2. All commodity owners exchange a common (social) multiequivalent, which eventually returns to its original owner.


Finally, with a social multiequivalent (money) divisible into small and similar enough units, any two commodities can always be equivalent, even if their exchangeable quantities are not. For example, let commodities x and y be worth three and two units of a social multiequivalent m, respectively — x(3m) and y(2m). Then, let their owners A of x and B of y be also the owners respectively of two and three units of that money — A of 2m and B of 3m. If A and B want y and x, respectively, but only exchange their commodities for m units — x for 3m and y for 2m — then:


A --> y _ | B --> x

x(3m), 2m | y(2m), 3m

y(2m), 3m | x(3m), 2m


Privately Concrete Money

So money must always represent a future commodity ownership. Otherwise, people’s money could not always represent their future ownership of anything it can buy. Additionally, to exchange their money, these people must share it with any of those with whom they exchange it. Indeed, people’s exchanged money must represent their future commodity ownership to all of them, even though of different commodities as either buyers or sellers. However, despite purchased by the same exchanged money, this future ownership remains exclusive to either group, which hence cannot share it with the other one. Then, how can the two still share its representation between them?

How could money be simultaneously shareable as that which represents a future ownership and not shareable as each future ownership it represents?

Is all money only shareable instead of also not shareable, by only representing an indefinite future ownership instead of also a definite one? Yet how could money only buy unspecified commodities? It cannot, since people cannot buy anything without specifying their future ownership of it as represented by their money to the seller.


The Effectual Strategies to Win Online Casino Games

If, for you, the worst part about going to online casinos is leaving then your sorrows are over. With online casinos you can bring the excitement of live casinos home with you! Online casino software emulates real casino games so well that you may even forget that you are in your own home and not in Las Vegas! Online casinos have everything that live casinos have to offer, so the next time that the urge strikes you to head to Caesar’s Palace all you have to do is turn on your computer. เว็บสล็อต

An online casino is not so different from a live casino. When you play online you can choose from all of your favorite gambling games. Online casinos offer virtually any casino game you can think of including, but not limited to, slot machines, video poker, regular poker, blackjack, baccarat, keno, roulette, craps and even bingo! The games are played by the same rules as in live casinos and online gambling software is even designed to look just like real casino games! Some Internet casino websites even offer software in which you have a character that must walk around a three-dimensional casino space with other players and choose your games.

It is the belief of many gambling enthusiasts that online casino games are not as exciting as real live casinos because when you play online you are sitting by yourself at your computer and there is no interaction with other players. This is not the case at all! In fact, most Internet casino sites encourage interaction between players, especially in multiplayer games like blackjack, craps and poker.

There are also tournaments in which players compete against each other in all forms of casino games, including slot machines. Online casino tournaments can be a fantastic social experience! When you play in online casino tournaments you pay an entry fee. For this fee you receive a predetermined amount of chips. Each player receives the same number of chips and has a specific amount of time in which they may play slots machines or poker or roulette or whichever game is specified by the tournament. At the end of the allotted time the player who has the most chips is the winner. The prize pot is made up of player entry fees and can be quite large depending on the number of players. Additionally, interaction is encouraged during the tournament through chat software and can make online tournaments a fantastic social experience.

As you can see, gambling online can be just as fun and exciting as playing in live casinos. The best part is you don’t have to book a plane ticket or even leave the comfort of your own home! If you have a computer and Internet access you can participate in Internet gambling twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week! All you have to do is choose a casino online and start playing and you’ll never be sad about leaving the casino again!

Online Casino Gamble

The jangling of bells or coins hitting the metal trays of the casino slots thrills casino players. The flashing lights over machines beckoning gamblers forward or the announcement of a poker tournament can have the gambler thinking of placing a bet while they sit at work. The excitement of getting the weekly paycheck and making plans for the weekend has often whetted the appetite of gamblers to spend a little cash. Each online player will find at least one thing that thrills them when they go to a casino. The thrill of casinos has been around since the first gambling game. There is just something so exciting about trying to win money. situs slot gacor

The online casino industry has changed some of the thrills of casinos though. With the casinos online it is now possible to get the same thrill as the land casinos from the comfort of your home. We have examined some of the main reasons gamblers love the online casino world over land casinos.

In a land casino there are hundreds of people, drinks being handed out, and money to be made, but it requires an expense that many do not wish to have. By staying at home and visiting some of the best online casinos, gamblers are able to spend less and win more. Since the main thrill of gambling is to see that bankroll increase on a poker game, online casino slots, or at other games, going to a land casino is just not as lucrative.

Online casinos offer bonuses. These bonuses involve free money just for signing up at a particular online casino. Furthermore there are bonuses offered throughout the year for deposits, tournaments, and just little loyalty rewards. Land casinos cannot offer this amount of money to all their gamblers. Instead they stick with the top spenders.

Another thrill of the online casino world is the graphics. While slot machines may offer some pretty great times in a land casino they are nothing compared to what the online world has to offer. The online casino world is starting to offer 3D games, heightened graphics, and more of a social networking world than can be found anywhere else. In some casinos you walk in, look around at what you have to choose from, then go to a machine. In the online casino you can be anybody you want, dress in any clothing, and still feel as though you are in a land casino.

Parties at casinos can be fun, but what if those parties involved your friends and family? Isn’t it more fun to be with those you really care about? The online world offers online parties and tournaments to family and friends. These tournaments can take place in your home with a network of computers, or you can have the party long distance. If a friend cannot come to you, let the online world bring them to you. The thrill of casinos when they are online casinos is more than just winning money. It is how well you can network with those you love!